องค์ความรู้ภาษาอังกฤษเพื่อการนำชมพิพิธภัณฑ์อาคารสายสุทธานภดล

        
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Posted: 07 Oct, 2020
by: สาครวรรณศักดิ์ ฝ.
Updated: 07 Oct, 2020
by: สาครวรรณศักดิ์ ฝ.
  1. Let me tell you a little bit background of Suan Sunandha. Suan Sunandha was the court inside Dusit Palace. King Rama V had the royal thought to build Suan Sunandha. Unfortunately, he had passed away in 1910 before the construction began. After that, King Rama VI had ascended the throne and kindly continued the construction until it was finished. There are 32 mansions for royal family. Now, there are 6 mansions left and this building separates for 2 parts on the second floor.

1.2 The construction had been finished in King Rama VI reign, the King officially endorsed the royal ladies of King Rama V, his father, to reside in Suan Sunandha. At that time, there was a wall to separate the inner court and the outer court, and there were court police which is similar to the inner court of the Grand Palace.

This building is the largest one. It belonged to H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya who is the royal consort of King Rama the fifth.

1.3 Architectural styles of building

This housing can be described as one of the larger sizes and was designed by an Italian architect and can vent the air very well from all sides

The buildings in Suan Sunandha can be divided into 3 sizes which is small, medium and large depends on the royal status Which in Suan Sunandha there are 6, 1 small 4 mediums and 1 large

Let’s move on to the second floor.

(Floor. 2)

2. Biography of H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya, Princess Suddhasininart

2.1 This building can be divided 2 sides.

  1. The first side is the side H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya, Princess Suddhasininart.
  2. The other side is the side of H.R.H. Princess Nibhanobhadol, Princess of Udong, who is her daughter.

2.2 As you can see here this is the Family tree.

This is H.H. Saisavalis Father. His name is H.R.H. Prince Ladavalya, and Prince Bhumindra Bhakdi with Chao Chom Manda Chin had 2 sisters from the same mother which are

  1. ) H.H. Princess Ubolratana Narinaga
  2. ) H.H. Princess Saovabhark Nariratana

          After H.H. Saisavali married, she had 1 son and 3 daughters. As following

          1) H.R.H. Prince Yugala Dighambara, Prince of Lopburi. (Who was the first member in the house of “Yugala”)

          2)  H.R.H. Princess Nabhachorn Chamras Sri

3) H.R.H. Princess Malini Nobhadara, Princess of Sri Sajanalaya. Lived here in Suan Sunandha that was located to the east of H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya‘s building.

4) H.R.H. Princess Nibha Nobhadol, Princess of Udong. Her Royal Highness was also the royal hierarchy and the royal assistant to King Rama V until the end of his reign, Her Royal Highness live in the other side of the H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya‘s building.

          ** The meaning of her children’s name is about the sky.   

2.3 This is the picture of H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya. H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya was born on Friday 4th September 1863. She moved here because the reign of King Rama the sixth, there were thirty-two residential sites for King Rama the fifth’s Royal family and entourage at Suan Sunandha. H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya, who was one of King Rama the fifth’s consorts, resided at the Sai Sudha Nopadol Mansion in 1924, which is still a one of the six present excellent existing mansions(https://Suan Sunandha.ac.th/en/about/history)

Towards the end of her life. She suffered from a malignant growth in her mouth. She passed away on 24th June 1929 at her mansion.

  • This is the wooden sofa that has been installed here.
    1. And this side is the side of relaxing space.

On the table, there is tea set. HHPrincess Saisavali Bhiromya loved to drink tea. And there is the set of There is something like a fan next to the table. It is the fly-whisk. Thai people used it to get rid of bugs or flies.

  • And on the wall is Picture of H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya when H.H. was 60 years old.
  • And maybe you have noticed the small stairs around the building here is for the servers because servers and lady-in-waiting cannot use the main stairs because the main stairs is only restricted for the masters and royalties only.

3. H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya’s bedroom

3.1 Over here you can see one of the items Buddhist monks use it is called “พัดรอง” and this is H.H.’s emblems. At age 60th and it made of silver.

3.2 And this part, we simulated H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya’s bedroom and this here is the fan which the servers or lady-in-waiting would work in shifts which they would read books to their masters and keep the fan going on.

4. ห้องพระอัจฉริยภาพ  

4.1     1) One of the many things that this room shows is handicrafts items. Here you have the broidery handicrafts. As you can see this piece is a replica of flower broidery which this is to hang up on doors mostly

          2) Embroidery is stimulating how in the past they had made embroidery with threads made of gold and made the royal essentials.

          3) And here is the watercolor painting sections of the flowers that grows here at SUAN SUNANDHA. Because at that time the camera was only in black and white so H.H. wanted to preserve the colors of the plants and flowers so she had teachers from outside to teach the lady-in-waiting how to paint. Right now there are around 131 paintings in total.

4.2 Here we are at the dining room which is the western style dining room. These showed the civilization that Siam received from the western.

4.3 This is the corridor which bought us to the side of her daughter.

5. The background and the expertise of H.R.H. Princess Nibha Nobhadol

5.1 Next, we have here is the study room at your right here is a built-in wardrobe and right next to here is a room where they used to store the ashes of the masters but now a days it holds the Buddha statue of the University

5.2 In this corner is displayed the desk for working. As you see on this desk are some books and letters of princess Nibha NobhadolShe was well-educated and was a secretary of King Rama the fifth. She awarded of education and human being, she then found a school named It was not for common people, but it was for nobles to study and go out to make a difference.

6. The royal chamber of H.R.H. Princess Nibha Nobhadol

6.1 What is special with this bedroom is that it has built in bathroom. The special of this bed room is the built-in bathroom. You can see that this bath room is quite large and has bathtub and they already had a wooden flush toilet. As you know that the King Rama the 5th often traveled to Europe, this shows us that Thai cultures are going along very well with the Europe and modern style.

6.2 And here is the saferoom where they used to store valuable belongings into black boxes or chests.

*** Picture of H.R.H. Princess Nibha Nobhadol while staying in Suan Sunandha.

7. The Royal Kitchen of H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya

7.1 Next on our right here is the Thai style dining room. Shows how they dine which they sat on carpets and also ate at the wooden sofa which all the food would be prepared one set per person and would not be mixed together with other sets.

7.2 For H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya and H.R.H. Princess Nibha Nobhadol aresilver ware. In the present all the eat ware from that era are displayed and preserved here in the museum of H.H. Princess Saisavali Bhiromya Exhibition hall.

7.3 H.H. Saisavali was in charge of the kitchen and all the food was ordered to be made by her. The food that the King at has to be proved by her first and she was really great at doing it too.

7.4 One dish that was invented here at Saun Sunandha is called “Nam prik long ruea” which can be translated to “the Boat dip” It was made when one of the masters wanted to have something to eat but at that time the kitchen was not in work so Chao Chom M.R. Sadap took left overs and came up with this recipe and everyone loved it.

7.5 So, this is the royal kitchen room. This room was made for keeping the kitchen tools such as the pot, the pan, the scale which all of these are made from 100% brass, and it also keeps the food ingredients, the spices, the snacks for the princesses.

7.6 And this right here are the model of food that would be served for H.H princess Saisavali Bhiromya and H.R.H Princess Nibhanopdol which in one set will be the consist of the rice, the meat, the curry, the chili pastes and the vegetables and after they done with the food, the lady in waiting will serve the dessert. Right here is ข้าวแช่, it is a famous dessert in summer in Thailand. ข้าวแช่ is the soaked rice in the cool water eat with the side dishes like the vegetables, the meat, the egg stuffed fried onion.

8. The lifestyle of the rpyal courtiers

8.1 For this room, we simulated the lifestyle of the royal courtiers. As you see, all of these are used for washing and perfuming the clothes within the royal court

At that time, they didn’t have the detergent, washing machine or anything to clean their clothes.  

So, with the wisdom of Thai people, they used the natural herbs to be useful. For washing the clothes, they were washed in boiling water, cleaned, and scented with fenugreek seed and Sweet Madagascar jasmine.

8.2 After washing and drying, the textiles were scented again in the wooden chest by burning scented candle, aromatic ingredients including myristica fragrans, agarwood and benzoin (resin, gum).

8.3 This machine is used to pleat the shoulder clothes, it’s function as an iron.

9. The royal drawing room

9.1 And lastly, we have the living room where they would do all sorts of activity

9.2 Next when the time changed in 1932 was the end for Princess NibhaNobhadol. H.H. moved to Bandu in Indonesia until her passing.

9.3  And here you have the paintings of the masters that have lived here and here have the pictures of the one that the University would be named after.

          1) H.R.H. Princess Valaya Alongkorn, Princess of Bejraburi (was the daughter of H.M. Queen Savang Vadhana) H.R.H. was the founder of the University of Rajabhat Valaya Alongkorn, which H.H. also used to house here in Suan Sunandha but the building H.R.H. lived in was in the space of Rajabhat SuanDusit.         

          ­­2) H.R.H. Princess yoavabhabongse Sanidh

          3) H.R.H. Princess Adisaya Suriyabha

          4) H.R.H. Princess Hemavadi

          5) H.R.H. Princess Sasibongse Prabai

6) H.M. Queen Sunanda Kumariratana, had passed away on 31th May 1880 which were 30 years before the beginning of Suan Sunandha's construction. She did not stay here in Suan Sunandha because she passed away before it was finished building but the University was named after H.H. to be a memorial.

9.4 King Rama V intended to have Suan Sunandha buit for 2 reasons;

1. To be another villa since the Ambara Villa in Dusit Palace didn’t seem to be private enough for the King to relax.

2. To be a place for the royal ladies; the consort, daughters, the royal mother, and the concubine of King Rama V.